Palm Fatty Acid Distillate PFAD


Palm Fatty Acid Disttilate is valuable as a feed ingredient due to its high energy content, readily available, relatively stable to oxidant rancidity and inexpensive. It is normally used as fatty acids, as hydrogenated fatty acids or as calcium salts of fatty acids.

Its low unsaturation and high content of antioxidants also helps promote oxidative stability, which makes it a valuable feed ingredient.

Vitamin E is one of the compounds in palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) which was carried away due to thermal treatment in the deodorization unit in the refining of crude palm oil (CPO). The process of purifying vitamin E can be done by combining several common processes such as neutralization, extraction, and adsorption

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What is PFAD [ Palm Fatty Acids Distillate]?

PFAD (Palm Fatty Acid Distillate) is a by-product of physical refining of crude palm oil products and is composed of free fatty acids (81.7%), glycerides (14.4%), squalene (0.8%), vitamin E (0.5%), sterols (0.4%) and other substances (2.2%)

Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) is a by-product from refining crude palm oil. PFAD is a light brown semi-solid at room temperature melting to a brown liquid on heating. PFADs comprise mainly of free fatty acid (FFA) (81.7%) with palmitic acid and oleic acid as the major components.

The remaining components are triglycerides (14.4%), partial glycerides and unsaponifiable matters, e.g., vitamin E (0.5%), sterols (0.4%), squalene (0.8%) and volatile substances (2.2%).

What is PFAD used for?

Palm Fatty acid distillates are generally used in the:

  • soap industry such as Laundry Soap
  • animal feed industry,
  • and as raw materials for oleochemical industries, e.g., in the manufacture of candles, cosmetics and toiletries.

Other applications include use as food emulsifiers, an aid in rubber processing, in flavours and fragrance industries as well as in pharmaceutical products.

Vitamin E has been extracted commercially from Palm Fatty acid distillates with purity of over 90%.

Palm Fatty acid distillates is used as a renewable raw material in biofuels production. Producing renewable fuels using Palm Fatty acid distillates is good for the climate. It is an efficient way to use waste generated through the palm oil refining process, preventing PFAD from going to literal waste. A by-product that is undesirable from the food industry perspective can be very desirable for other sectors.

Palm Fatty Acids Distillate PFAD Specifications


In 2018, Indonesia produced 43 million tonnes of crude palm oil that yielded only 1.6 million tonnes or 3.7 percent PFAD